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The Latin alphabet and its pronunciation

The pronunciation of Latin is notoriously disputed, but this table should give you an accurate enough framework to use when reading Latin aloud.

As a rule, the vowels are best pronounced as those of Italian. The most important thing to remember is that Italian vowels never have the slight ‘w’ sound that British people make in English when pronouncing vowels on their own. (If you’re British and confused, try saying ‘oh’. Your lips will narrow at the end of the word.) Similarly, one of the greatest struggles for British students of Italian is the long vowel ‘a’. It should never sound like there is a letter ‘r’ in there somewhere.

Ecclesiastical Latin is pronounced exactly like Italian.