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Pronouns

Pronouns are words that replace a noun or noun phrase in a sentence when it has already been mentioned in the sentence or in a previous one. Most of the time they can be seen as an abbreviation of something. Sometimes they replace the noun entirely, sometimes they...

Declensions of Nouns

How a noun changes its endings depends on the declension to which it belongs. There are five declensions. Below are examples of nouns belonging to that declension and how they decline. First Declension Model noun – mensa, -ae (f), ‘table’. Nouns of the 1st...

Pronunciation and Scansion

The Latin alphabet and its pronunciation The pronunciation of Latin is notoriously disputed, but this table should give you an accurate enough framework to use when reading Latin aloud. As a rule, the vowels are best pronounced as those of Italian. The most important...

Cases and their Usage

The case of a noun determines what it is doing in the sentence and is essentially different forms of the word. Cases are fundamental to Latin grammar, because of the lack of an article. To an extent, we have them in English. Let’s look at an English example. We use...

Nouns: An Overview

You see nouns every day but you may not realise you do if you didn’t study English grammar in primary school. What is a noun? Simply, a noun is a naming word, from Latin ‘nomen’ (name). A noun is a part of speech that describes a thing, usually a...